India became one nation as a result of the rule of the British, who in1757 after winning the famed Battle of Plassey, became the omnipotent power in the subcontinent. This was the largest Empire in Indian history, much larger than anything that Aurangzeb or Raja Ashok had dreamed.
There’s absolutely not any doubt and it’s been demonstrated historically that India consisted of almost 500 small kingdoms. All of them were united and became a part of what’s known as the British Empire. The British left India united but when the time came for them to go away the Indians themselves weren’t prepared to kiss each other and this animosity gave the English an opportunity to divide the nation.
The Muslim League was led by Mohammad Ali Jinnah and Congress party led by self-styled”Mahatma” Mohandas Gandhi. He was aided by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Patel, and Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad. Unfortunately his subsequent consisted of just a few Muslims as nearly 90 percent Muslims were with Jinnah.
Recently in a program on TV, Farooq Abdullah, the Ex-Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir clearly said that partition wouldn’t have taken place, but it happened due to the attitude of Nehru and Patel. The Muslim League at its Lahore session of 1940 had in a settlement called for the nation of Pakistan.
Research papers and a witness to the age Leonard Mosley has said that Muhammad Ali had made the need for Pakistan as a bargaining chip and he desired to be the Prime Minister of India. Patel and Nehru Together with Azad were opposed to Jinnah as prime minister. At this point, had the Congress party approved Jinnah as Prime minister, the trailer might not have happened. Nehru, however, wanted to be the Prime Minister of India and others wanted some traces of power.
Maulana Azad, in particular, could have been reduced to an outsider as Jinnah had nothing to do with him.
The final days of the Raj
Leonard Mosley in his book”the last days of the Raj” has recorded all that occurred from the corridors of power. Jinnah had the aid of the Muslim League, all Dalits and Scheduled Castes and the Princes. These were members of the Prince’s room which were part of parliament. He had a majority and Nehru couldn’t accept this. He and Patel and Azad met Gandhi and persuaded him to accept the need for Pakistan. Nehru had selfish reasons for this as he wanted Jinnah from their way and to his thoughts creating Pakistan was the only way to ship Jinnah from contention as Prime minister of India. These remarks were made by the BJP leader Jaswant Singh in his book”Jinnah, India, and Partition”
Rest is history as the mindset of Jinnah hardened and Nehru had his way and became PM of India and Gandhi approved Pakistan.